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Almost any change in the environment- even a pleasant change such as a joyful trip- demands some coping, and a little stress is useful in helping us to adapt.But beyond some point, stress becomes a ‘distress’.Workers may either lose weight excessively or gain weight excessively.
An unhealthy personal and social life can in turn create more stress for the employee since he or she is distracted by problems outside of the workplace.
This shows that work and social or personal life compliments each other.
It is often viewed as motivator, since in its absence the individual lacks the spirit necessary for peak performance.
Distress is the term used to indicate negative stress.
What acts to produce distress varies from person to person, but some events seem to be stressors for every person. Injury or infections of the body, dangers in environment, major changes or transitions in life which force us to cope in new ways.2.
Physical stressors like noise, pollutions, climatic changes, etc.3.Causes of Workplace Stress There are many factors that can exacerbate the causes of stress in the workplace.The challenges faced by people in the workplace make the job more exciting and interesting.Psychological effects: Anxiety, depression, hopelessness, helplessness, anger, nervousness, irritability, tension and boredom may be experienced.c.Behavioural changes: Decreasing efficiency, making mistakes, inability to take decisions, under eating or overeating, sleeplessness, increased smoking, develop addiction to alcohol and drugs, forgetfulness, hypersensitivity or passiveness, accident proneness and interpersonal difficulties are seen.On the other hand, psychological responses such as anxiety, hopelessness, depression, irritability, and a general feeling of not being able to cope with the world, can result from the stress state. If the stressors are maintained, long-term behavioural, physiological, emotional and cognitive effects occur.If these effects hinder adaptation to the environment or create discomfort and distress, they themselves become stressors and, tend to perpetuate a ‘cycle’ of distress.However, there are challenges that can also have negative effects.The normal reaction to stress is tension, anxiety and excitement and work-life goes back to normal after a while.According to David Fontana “stress is a demand made upon the adaptive capacities of the mind and body”.These definitions indicate that stress represents those conditions under which individuals have demand made upon them, that they cannot physically or psychologically meet, leading to breakdown at one or other of these levels. But ii can manifest itself in both positive and negative way.