Child Labor Term Paper

Child Labor Term Paper-27
Historical studies suggest that child work was widespread in Europe and North America in the 19th century, but declined very rapidly at the turn of the 20th century. The following three visualizations show the share of children in employment for Italy, the UK and the United States at the turn of the 20th century.The available historical evidence seems consistent with the fact that industrialisation in western countries initially increased the demand for child labour, but then eventually contributed towards its elimination (see Cunningham, H., & Viazzo, P. Series data on rural versus urban child labour trends for the United States can also be added in third chart below; for both boys and girls, the incidence of child labour was higher in rural populations.This report presents global estimates and trends for the period 2000-2012.

Historical studies suggest that child work was widespread in Europe and North America in the 19th century, but declined very rapidly at the turn of the 20th century. The following three visualizations show the share of children in employment for Italy, the UK and the United States at the turn of the 20th century.The available historical evidence seems consistent with the fact that industrialisation in western countries initially increased the demand for child labour, but then eventually contributed towards its elimination (see Cunningham, H., & Viazzo, P. Series data on rural versus urban child labour trends for the United States can also be added in third chart below; for both boys and girls, the incidence of child labour was higher in rural populations.

that there are around 265 million working children in the world—almost 17 per cent of the worldwide child population.

According to the publicly available data discussed in more detail below, Sub-Saharan Africa is the region where child labour is most prevalent.

, there is lack of consensus regarding the appropriate ages for measuring child labor, particularly for the purpose of cross-country comparisons and global aggregates.

The age bracket ranging from 5 to 17 years of age is common in many UN reports, but there is evidently a need to differentiate work at different ages, since children in their teenage years are less vulnerable to workplace abuse.

The following visualization plots the series for England, the US and Italy, together with two recent global series.

The different series in this chart are not perfectly comparable because of differences in the definitions.

However, this source is generally believed to understate the extent of child labour, since data is not collected for work inside the household (not even market work).

Nonetheless, regardless of discrepancies between these two sources, the trends tell a consistent story: the share of economically active children in the world has been going down for decades.

Whilst consistent survey data on child labour in the UK is limited beyond 1911, some estimates of 20th century labour have emerged.

These statistics show the significant impact of the First and Second World Wars on childhood employment.

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