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Early ballet was participatory, with the audience joining the dance towards the end. In 1489, Galeazzo, Duke of Milan, married Isabella of Aragon in Tortona.An elaborate dance entertainment was arranged for the celebrations by the Italian dance master Bergonzio di Botta.
The dances were linked by a slim narrative concerning Jason and the Argonauts, and each corresponded to a different course for the dinner.
Tristano Calco of Milan wrote about the event, and it was considered so impressive, that many similar spectacles were organized elsewhere.
Ballet is a formalized form of dance with its origins in the Italian Renaissance courts of 15th and 16th centuries.
Ballet spread from Italy to France with the help of Catherine de' Medici, where ballet developed even further under her aristocratic influence.
The first formal 'court ballet' ever recognized was staged in 1573, 'Ballet des Polonais'.
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In true form of royal entertainment, 'Ballet des Polonais' was commissioned by Catherine de' Medici to honor the Polish ambassadors who were visiting Paris upon the accession of Henry of Anjou to the throne of Poland.An early example of Catherine's development of ballet is through 'Le Paradis d' Amour', a piece of work presented at her daughter's wedding, Marguerite de Valois to Henry of Navarre.Aristocratic money was responsible for the initial stages of development in 'court ballet', as it was royal money that dictated the ideas, literature and music used in ballets that were created to primarily entertain the aristocrats of the time.played a significant role in establishing the general direction ballet would follow for the next century.Supported and admired by King Louis XIV, Lully often cast the king in his ballets.The ballet lasted for more than five hours and was danced by twenty-four dancers: twelve naiades and twelve pages.In the same year, the publication of Fabritio Caroso's Il Ballarino, a technical manual on court dancing, both performance and social, helped to establish Italy as a centre of technical ballet development.When Catherine de' Medici, an Italian aristocrat with an interest in the arts, married the French crown heir Henry II, she brought her enthusiasm for dance to France and provided financial support.Catherine's glittering entertainments supported the aims of court politics and usually were organized around mythological themes.Soon ballet spread around the world with the formation of new companies, including London's The Royal Ballet (1931), the San Francisco Ballet (1933), American Ballet Theatre (1937), the Royal Winnipeg Ballet (1939), The Australian Ballet (1940), the New York City Ballet (1948), the National Ballet of Canada (1951), and the National Ballet Academy and Trust of India (2002).In the 20th century styles of ballet continued to develop and strongly influence broader concert dance, for example, in the United States choreographer George Balanchine developed what is now known as neoclassical ballet, subsequent developments have included contemporary ballet and post-structural ballet, for example seen in the work of William Forsythe in Germany.