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They concluded that creationists were successful in these debates because their arguments differed in form (but not content) from the arguments used by proponents of evolution.Rebecca Church and I described the ways that proponents of creationism and evolution differed in the manner in which they framed their arguments in terms of proof and certainty.For this reason, it seemed likely that ID and non-ID forms of creationism might use different arguments and rhetorical strategies.
Scientists try to convince other scientists of their hypotheses.
Scientists and science journalists also try to persuade members of the general public of various scientific claims.
Because there were certain unanswered questions regarding the nature of persuasive arguments about origins, Church, Samuel Draznin-Nagy, and I decided to analyze the contemporary websites that persuasively argued for either creationism, ID, or evolution.
Our main goal was to identify all the persuasive arguments, and then describe them in terms of type and topic.
Creationists concluded that scientists are either liars, or they are floundering because they can’t produce any proof to support their position.
Some of these studies looked at court transcripts or oral debates that were decades old (e.g., the Weaver study as well as the Stempien and Colemen study).
We ultimately selected 72 websites (including 34, 15, and 23 websites promoting creationism, ID, and evolution, respectively).
We consider ID a type of creationism rather than an alternative to creationism.
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ersuasive argumentation is part of the human experience, and it is just as much a part of science as it is part of other human institutions.