Essays On Social Darwinism

Essays On Social Darwinism-25
If you get wealth, you will have to support other people; if you do not get wealth, it will be the duty of other people to support you.”The immorality of freeloading aside, Sumner held that tampering with the social mechanism reduced total welfare.“If any one will look over his dinner table the next time he sits down to dinner, he can see the proofs that thousands of producers, transporters, merchants, bankers, policemen, and mechanics, through the whole organization of society and all over the globe, have been at work for the last year or more to put that dinner within his reach.” All this happened not by accident but by an interlocking set of agreements and expectations evolved over time.

If you get wealth, you will have to support other people; if you do not get wealth, it will be the duty of other people to support you.”The immorality of freeloading aside, Sumner held that tampering with the social mechanism reduced total welfare.“If any one will look over his dinner table the next time he sits down to dinner, he can see the proofs that thousands of producers, transporters, merchants, bankers, policemen, and mechanics, through the whole organization of society and all over the globe, have been at work for the last year or more to put that dinner within his reach.” All this happened not by accident but by an interlocking set of agreements and expectations evolved over time.

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C, whom Sumner called the “Forgotten Man,” unwillingly supported the others.

“We should get a new maxim of judicious living,” Sumner said sarcastically: “Poverty is the best policy.

“They constantly neutralize and destroy the finest efforts of the wise and industrious, and are a dead-weight on the society in all its struggles to realize any better things.” The do-gooders had made a cottage industry of weeping for the weak. They note great inequality of social position and social chances.

They eagerly set about the attempt to account for what they see, and to devise schemes for remedying what they do not like.

“If the social doctors will mind their own business, we shall have no troubles but what belong to Nature. What we desire is that the friends of humanity should cease to add to them.”Sumner’s philosophy supported domestic capitalism in obvious ways and was often cited to that effect; but it had implications for foreign policy as well.

Essays On Social Darwinism Apa Style Citation Paper Presented At Conference

The struggle among humans took sharpest form in war, with the fit inheriting the earth and the meek finding early graves.“Let us translate it into blunt English,” he said of the French phrase. “We never supposed that would give us perfect happiness.We have left perfect happiness entirely out of our account.” He would settle for imperfection not made worse by reformers.He is credited with introducing the term “ethnocentrism,” a term intended to identify imperialists’ chief means of justification, in his book economics, as well as “a forthright proponent of free trade and the gold standard and a foe of socialism.”[1] Sumner was active in the intellectual promotion of free-trade classical liberalism, and in his heyday and after there were Sumner Clubs here and there. early imbibed the thinking of Charles Darwin, and that of Herbert Spencer when a bit older, and he followed Spencer in believing that Darwin’s theories explained the rise of civilization. Nor were these views especially controversial in America among the kinds of people who encountered Sumner’s essays in the leading journals of the 1880s and 1890s.He heavily criticized state socialism/state communism. One adversary he mentioned by name was Edward Bellamy, whose national variant of socialism was set forth in In this passage below (from pages 501-504), it struck me that William Graham Sumner lays out in stark form many arguments that are still very much alive and kicking in the 21st century. Some people were better at the contest of life than others, Spencer and Sumner said; the good ones climbed out of the jungle of savagery and passed their talents to their offspring, who climbed still higher. Religious conservatives–who tended scriptions were another matter.The sorting took place both among nations, with the industrial powers of Europe and North America having made the greatest progress so far, and within nations, as certain individuals and families accomplished and attained more than the rest. Sumner argued that attempts to overrule evolution–as by alleviating the plight of the poor–were both immoral and imprudent.“Those whom humanitarians and philanthropists call the weak are the ones through whom the productive and conservative forces of society are wasted,” he declared.In their eagerness to recommend the less fortunate classes to pity and consideration, they forget all about the rights of other classes, they gloss over the faults of the classes in question, and they exaggerate their misfortunes and their virtues.They invent new theories of property, distorting rights and perpetuating injustice, as anyone is sure to do who sets about the readjustment of social relations with the interests of one group distinctly before his mind, and the interests of all other groups thrown into the background.I believe that, like others, this essay also speaks for itself.However, the importance of the topic deserves a quick note with which to begin.

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