Essays Psychological Contracts

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Perceptions of contracts, among both employers and employees, are generally labeled psychological contracts.

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But in 1994, Rousseau proposed a more widely accepted definition of the psychological contract in which he defined it as “the understandings people have, whether written or unwritten, regarding the commitments made between themselves and their organization” (Rousseau1994).

In most of these definitions or descriptions of the psychological contract, the recurring theme is the promises, unexpressed beliefs, responsibilities, and/or expectations with respect to what is assumed to be a fair exchange within what are the perceived confines of the relationship between the employer and the employee.

Deuteronomy Chapter 10 & 11 makes mentionof what is assumed to be related to the psychological contract (Wellin 2008).

It talks about the mutual expectations between the Jewish people and their God.A psychological contract can be understood as a ‘deal’ between employer and employee concerning ‘the perception of the two parties, employer and employee, of what their mutual obligations are towards each other.This is an essay, written for the LSE Summer School 2013, focused on the comparison and analysis of transactional and relational, Psychological Contracts (PC) and their intreconnection with different working environments.The author tries to keep a deeper eye on the emerging trend of hiring initially on a transactional contractual basis and later on a relational one.The limited scope and academic requirements constrained a more elaborated view on the causes of psychological contract breach and a wider approach on the several PC models have already been developed.CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background The psychological contract is a widely researched issue that has affected many business organizations.And this is a challenge that many employees and their organizations face in trying to keep up the pace with a constantly changing business environment.In this study, we propose and test a mediated moderation model to explore the interactive effect of psychological contract breach and negative reciprocity belief on abusive supervision, and the mediating effect of organizational identification.Using a sample of 268 dyads of employees and their immediate supervisors (N = 536) from six companies and two industries in China, we find that when supervisors experience breaches in psychological contract they are likely to increase abusive behaviours toward subordinates, and that the positive association is stronger the more the supervisor holds negative reciprocity beliefs.On the other hand, the term ‘psychological’ refers to the mind and therefore something intangible.Taking a look at the perceived history of the psychological contract, reference has been made to what is written in the Bible as far back as the 3000 BC.

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    Psychological contract is perceptual in nature and defined as a set of expectations held by the individual employee. There is a tendency to confuse psychological contract with other emotional attributes like job involvement and employee engagement Rousseau, 2000; pg255.…

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    The psychological contract is the employee's perception of the reciprocal obligations existing with their employer; as such, the employee has beliefs regarding the organization's obligations to them as well as their own obligations to the organization Rousseau, 1989.…

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    Psychological contracts Essays Over 180,000 Psychological contracts Essays, Psychological contracts Term Papers, Psychological contracts Research Paper, Book Reports. 184 990 ESSAYS, term and research papers available for UNLIMITED access…

  • The Benefits of a Psychological Contract Essay examples.
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    The Benefits of a Psychological Contract Essay examples. INTRODUCTION Psychological contract is expectations of an employee or workforce towards employer that somewhat loosely refers to the actual. It represents basic senses that are obligations, rights, and also rewards An obligation is a duty of employee of their task.…

  • Psychological contract free essay sample - New York Essays
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    Psychological contract. Obviously, there are many organisations in which many different agents at a varying levels of management in a company; as a consequence, this will affect on the quality of delivery towards the missions, goals and strategies from the top management to the end-employees through line managers and other supervisor levels.…

  • Relational & Transactional Psychological Contracts Essay.
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    Relational & Transactional Psychological Contracts Essay. The Psychological Contract Shein 1980 explained the concept of the psychological contract as a set of mutual expectations held between the employee and employer within the workplace. It is an unwritten set of expectations operating at all times.…

  • Hrm Psychological Contract Essay Example Graduateway
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    Hrm Psychological Contract Essay. Contents page Introduction Psychological contract The characteristics of a psychological contract are the mutual beliefs, informal obligations, perceptions of the employee and employer towards each other; the expectations an employee has of the organisation and the expectations the organisation has of the employee and the reciprocal promises in that relationship.…

  • Defining and analysing a psychological contract - UK Essays
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    The psychological contract is certainly an important aspect of the employment relationship as it invisibly binds the employer and the employee through a set of expectations. For the individual in an organisation, the psychological contract is mostly relevant as it directly affects the level of motivation, commitment and morale of that person.…

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