A congenial, open and desirable climate of the institution plays a very important role in increasing the upward communication flow as it encourages employee input and poses no threat or deterrents to participation. The upward flow of information is much more prone to breakdown as compared to the downward flow.
Maintaining a steady and reliable flow of upward communication depends on leadership behaviour to a great extent.
The manner in which a message is delivered from the top, the content of the message and the degree to which teachers’ participation is encouraged will have a direct bearing on the amount and the quality of upward communication.
The more trust a subordinate has in his/her principal, the greater the openness of the downwards communication between the two.
These networks structure both the flow and the content of communication and support the organizational structure, institutional culture, beliefs and value systems that help tie institution to function effectively.
Several patterns of interpersonal communication in a small group emerge as the work of the group proceeds.Management theorists Katz and Kahn have identified four kinds of job-related information that subordinates may volunteer or be required to communicate upwards:(a) Performance and problems of assigned job.(b) Fellow teachers and their problems.(c) Procedures and policies of the institution.(d) Tasks to be performed.Here, the first type of information includes information regarding the performance of the institution, the teacher himself/hen elf and the performance and problems of students.It is as shown in the following diagram: This type of network partakes of the nature of the wheel network in its upper portion and of the chain network in its lower portion.In an all-channel network, all the members communicate with all other members as shown in the following diagrams: This pattern of network is often found in informal groups that have no formal structure, leader or task to accomplish.Information on the communication networks are given below: Communication links individuals and groups in a social system.Initially, task-related communication links develop in an institution so that subordinates can get the information they need to carryout, their work and co-ordinate different tasks with that of their colleagues.The success of an upward communication flow will be partly dependent on the nature and success of downward communications.From a teacher’s point of view, the climate of the institution expresses itself in the form of downward communication.However, the nature of content of the information being sent downwards should facilitate the work f the teachers in the form of more feedback, praise, required changes or corrections, institutional mission and goals.Downward communication should not include only directives and unilateral decisions.