Literature Review On Child Abuse

Literature Review On Child Abuse-44
Suicidal ideation has also been linked to sexual abuse.In one study, it was shown that close to half of the sexually abused children reported depression and suicidal ideation.

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From all of this evidence, one can conclude that physical abuse can have a damaging effect on children.

Sexual abuse also has long-lasting negative effects on children.

These studies have indicated that sexually abused children are more likely to report symptoms of depression on various tests, such as the Children's Depression Inventory, the Hopkins Symptom Checklist, and the Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (Mc Leer ., 2001).

Another effect noted in victims of childhood sexual abuse is anxiety.

Research has shown that anxiety levels in victims of childhood sexual abuse were significantly higher than the non-abused group.

This was indicated on many measures (Mc Leer ., 1998; Briere & Runtz, 1988; Mian, Marton & Le Baron, 1996).

On the WISCR-R, physically abused children had a lower mean score than the mean of the non-abused group.

They also scored significantly lower on the Performance and Verbal Scales and the Verbal Language Development Scale, as well as showed deficits in mathematics and language tests, and in both receptive and expressive language (Augoustinos, 1987; Helm, Newport, Bonsall, Miller & Nemeroff, 2001; Kaplan ., 1999).

Abstract: Child maltreatment is a generic term referring to four primary acts: physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse and neglect.

Child maltreatment occurs in our society at alarming rates.


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