The army had a corps of four divisions and 100,000 men fighting in France and Flanders and winning laurels, while the casualty toll over four years approached almost a quarter-million killed and wounded.Some 22,000 men served in the Royal Flying Corps, Royal Naval Air Service and Royal Air Force, and the navy patrolled Canadian waters with some effectiveness.Despite that opposition, however, the war produced a significant shift of power toward Ottawa.
Did Canada lose a soldier who might have been a great prime minister? Or one who would have written the great Canadian novel?
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On September 9, 1939, eight days after Germany’s invasion of Poland, Canada’s Parliament voted to declare war on Germany, which the country did the next day. Roosevelt, and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill at an Allied conference in Quebec, Canada, 1943, during World War II.
(Its separate declaration of war was a measure of the independence granted it in the 1931 Statute of Westminster; in 1914 there had been no such independence and no separate declaration of war.) The vote was nearly unanimous, a result that rested on the assumption that there was to be a “limited liability” war effort that would consist primarily of supplying raw materials, foodstuffs, and munitions and the training of Commonwealth air crews, mainly for the Royal Air Force. The expulsion of the British from the Continent and the fall of France in the spring of 1940 totally changed the circumstances.