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Engaging problems and making decisions using critical thinking involves both skills and habits of mind.
The Commission on Dental Accreditation Accreditation Standards for Dental Education Programs, adopted August, 2010 stated: “Graduates must be competent in the use of critical thinking and problem-solving, including their use in the comprehensive care of patients, scientific inquiry and research methodology.” 5.
The Academy of Acute Care Physical Therapy'The Core Competencies for Entry-level Practice in Acute Care Physical Therapy' recognized that clinical decision making is an integral component of all the competency sections.
The World Health Organization Maternal and Child Health (MCH) Leadership Competencies include critical thinking as“the ability to identify an issue, dilemma, or problem; frame it as a specific question; explore and evaluate information relevant to the question; and integrate the information into development of a resolution.
An advanced manifestation of critical thinking is evidence-based practice – the conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence about practice, the creation of policy, and the conduct of research”.7.
The Health Sciences Reasoning Test is being used worldwide at high ranking health science education programs and at top rated medical centers to measure critical thinking skills and habits of mind in students and practicing professionals.
The HSRT is designed to provide both an overall score for critical thinking and a selection of scale scores to assist the trainer or instructor to focus curricula and training opportunities to address particular weaknesses in both individuals and groups.The Health Sciences Reasoning Test (HSRT) measures high-stakes reasoning and decision-making processes.The HSRT is specifically calibrated for trainees in undergraduate and graduate health sciences educational programs.Competency 1, Entry-Level Clinical Decision-Making in Acute Care, states: “Clinical reasoning is the deliberation about a course of action within a specific context and with an ability to anticipate outcomes guided by a framework of previous experiences and knowledge of best evidence.In acute care, clinical reasoning serves as the foundation for competency in all areas – including communication, safety, discharge planning and patient management.“6.The American Occupational Therapy Association The Blueprint for Entry-Level Education described critical thinking as needed by occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants.AAOTA saw these skills and habits of mind were essential for professional development, evidence based practice and business fundamentals.4.Comprehensive individual and group reports support program evaluation, benchmarking, and curricular change.INSIGHT Health , Health Science Reasoning Test (HSRT) , HSRT-Associate Degree (HSRT-AD) identify the strengths and weaknesses in applicant critical thinking and to build successful teams.Scores on this instrument have been found to predict successful professional licensure and high clinical performance ratings.Poorly reasoned decisions can have major consequences in people's lives.