Note: Remedial courses can be MSCS Foundation courses or electives as defined by the Graduate Program Coordinator on a case-to-case basis. D., or DPhil; Latin philosophiae doctor or doctor philosophiae) is the highest university degree that is conferred after a course of study by universities in most countries.The Ph D degree in Computer Science is obtained primarily through supervised research.
For foreign applicants from non-English speaking countries, a TOEFL score at least 550 is required.phil." with their name, although the proper etiquette associated with this usage may also be subject to the professional ethics of their own scholarly field, culture, or society.Those who teach at universities or work in academic, educational, or research fields are usually addressed by this title "professionally and socially in a salutation or conversation." Alternatively, holders may use post-nominal letters such as "Ph.A student attaining this level may be granted a Candidate of Philosophy degree at some institutions, or may be granted a master's degree en route to the doctoral degree. In many countries, a candidate must defend this work before a panel of expert examiners appointed by the university.Sometimes this status is also colloquially known as "Ph. Universities sometimes award other types of doctorate besides the Ph D, such as the Doctor of Musical Arts (D. A.) for music performers and the Doctor of Education (Ed. In 2005 the European Universities Association defined the "Salzburg Principles", 10 basic principles for third-cycle degrees (doctorates) within the Bologna Process.Ph Ds are awarded for programs across the whole breadth of academic fields.As an earned research degree, those studying for a Ph D are usually required to produce original research that expands the boundaries of knowledge, normally in the form of a thesis or dissertation, and defend their work against experts in the field.As an international role-player focusing on healthcare in Africa, the vision of the Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Pretoria is to maintain health standards through quality education, research and community service.The Philosophy and Ethics of Mental Health (Coursework) programme is offered by University of Pretoria.The completion of a Ph D is often a requirement for employment as a university professor, researcher, or scientist in many fields.Individuals who have earned a Doctor of Philosophy degree may, in many jurisdictions, use the title Doctor (often abbreviated "Dr" or "Dr.") or, in non-English-speaking countries, variants such as "Dr.