The United States Senate refused to ratify the Treaty of Versailles and rejected membership in the nascent League of Nations.Congress in 1922 effectively closed the American market to foreign vendors with the Fordney-Mc Cumber Tariff, among the highest in United States history, and the Smoot-Hawley Tariff eight years later.The lingering distortions in trade, capital flows, and exchange rates occasioned by the punitive Treaty of Versailles, as the economist John Maynard Keynes observed at the time, managed to perpetuate in peacetime the economic disruptions that had wrought so much hardship in wartime.
The United States Senate refused to ratify the Treaty of Versailles and rejected membership in the nascent League of Nations.Tags: Best Resume Cover LetterJfk Profile In Courage Essay ContestEssay On If I Were Given Three WishesMy Doggy Ate My HomeworkMedia Business PlanPersuasive Essay On Modern TechnologyAmerican Family Culture EssayAp Rubrics For EssaysHow To Choose Dissertation TopicPersuasive Essay College Level
Each embraced a pair of episodes with lastingly transformative impacts.
From 1776 to 1789 the Revolutionary War and the adoption of the Constitution brought national independence and established the basic political framework within which the nation would be governed ever after.
To a much greater degree than in the earlier cases, the changes set in motion by the Great Depression and World War II had their origins outside the United States—a reminder of the increasing interdependency among nations that was such a salient feature of the twentieth century.
The Great Depression was a worldwide catastrophe whose causes and consequences alike were global in character.
The war was in many respects a continuation, after an uneasy 20-year hiatus, of the disputes left unsettled by World War I. and Germany began on June 22, 1941, with the German invasion of the Soviet Union.
The 40,000,000–50,000,000 deaths incurred in World War II make it the bloodiest conflict, as well as the largest war, in history. The war in the Pacific began on December 7/8, 1941, when Japan attacked the American naval base at Pearl Harbor and other American, Dutch, and British military installations throughout Asia. The Axis powers were led by Adolf Hitler (Germany), Benito Mussolini (Italy), and Hideki Tojo (Japan).
World War II, also called Second World War, conflict that involved virtually every part of the world during the years 1939–45.
The principal belligerents were the Axis powers—Germany, Italy, and Japan—and the Allies—France, Great Britain, the United States, the Soviet Union, and, to a lesser extent, China.
Hundreds of thousands were killed in firebombings of Japanese cities, and the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945 knocked Japan out of the war.
Along with World War I, World War II was one of the great watersheds of 20th-century geopolitical history.