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In addition we will also consider how experts do solve problems and finally we will have a closer look at two topics: The neurophysiological background on the one hand and the question what kind of role can be assigned to evolution regarding problem solving on the other.
Knut is sitting at his desk again, staring at a blank paper in front of him, while nervously playing with a pen in his right hand.
Just a few hours left to hand in his essay and he has not written a word.
Though all these problems were of crucial importance during the evolutionary process that created us the way we are, they are by no means solved exclusively by humans.
We find a most amazing variety of different solutions for these problems in nature (just consider, e.g., by which means a bat hunts its prey, compared to a spider).
Generally speaking, problem representations are models of the situation as experienced by the agent.
Representing a problem means to analyse it and split it into separate components: Therefore the efficiency of Problem Solving depends on the underlying representations in a person’s mind, which usually also involves personal aspects.
Still this is a problem most people would be able to access in one way or the other, even if the result may be totally different from person to person.
And while Knut might judge that picture X is gorgeous, you might completely disagree.
They have not necessarily been evaluated empirically either by themselves or in conjunction with in-person treatment.
We list them as a resource for clinicians who assign them as an adjunct to conducting in-person treatment.